Jamhuri Day, the Republic Day is annually celebrated on 12th December in the African country of Kenya. This day marks the date when Kenya became repubic on 12th December, 1964.

"Jamhuri" is the Swahili word for Republic. December 12 is also the date when Kenya obtained its independence from Great Britain in 1963. The day is celebrated with many events such as feasts, political speeches, and parades, all of which celebrate the country's cultural heritage.

Hence it is a very important day for the nation celebrated as a national holiday during which a day off is given and and December 13 is also a day off for most businesses.

A part of Eastern Africa, the territory of what is known as Kenya has seen human habitation since the beginning of the Lower Paleolithic. The Bantu expansion from a West African centre of dispersal reached the area by the 1st millennium AD.

The European and Arab presence in Mombasa dates to the Early Modern period, but European exploration of the interior began in the 19th century.

The first colonists from Europe that made their way to Kenya were German. In 1890, the region came under the control of the Imperial British East Africa Company, and Kenya was part of the British East Africa protectorate till it was recognized as a British colony in 1920.

As usual the colonial administration denied African demands for a greater role in the political process. The wealth of Kenya was plundered by the colonizers without thinking of the local population as they were largely discriminated and persecuted by the colonizers.

It wouldn't be until 1944 that a Kenyan was included in the colony's legislature. This did not change much, and disputes regarding land and cultural traditions continued.