National Education Day is observed to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, India's first Minister of Education every year on November 11.

Abul Kalam Azad was a scholar, advocate for education, and freedom fighter who made significant contributions to the growth of India's independent education system.

India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, was posthumously given to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in 1992. The Central Government declared November 11 to be the National Education Day in September 2008,

The day is observed to celebrate the work done by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in the education sector during his tenure as the education minister.

In 1920, he was elected as a member of the foundation committee to establish Jamia Millia Islamia at Aligarh in UP.

He also assisted in shifting the university campus from Aligarh to New Delhi in 1934. Now, the main gate of the campus is named after him.

Every year, National Education Day has a new theme chosen by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. "Changing Course, Transforming Education" is this year's topic.

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and the Higher education system were also established during his tenure. His contribution in the establishment of the famous Jamia Millia Islamia University in the country is also commendable.